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searching for patterns in space

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SCHEMATA is a research project that brings together scientists from various disciplines, eager to explore the hydrogeological similarities among three different worlds of our solar system. Join us in the study of the river networks of  Earth, Mars and Titan, as we search for evidence about their formation, evolution and death.

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where rivers are formed



Called Blue Planet for a good reason, Earth, is the only place in our solar system where water freely flows over its surface in huge quantities. Water is everywhere, in a constant cycle that allows it to travel from Earth’s interior to the atmosphere and back. Year by year, this journey has left its mark on the land by shaping rivers and lakes. The oldest rivers on Earth are approximately 300 million years old, the youngest fully formed ones can be just a couple of millions.


In the early years of space exploration, the river networks of Martian surface have triggered the imagination of humankind, rising expectations about Red Planet’s habitability or even its habitants. Although the decades that followed have constrained these expectations, the evidence collected by space exploration missions indicates that rivers may have been prominent characteristics in Martian early history. This would imply that the climate was wet enough to sustain them for a prolonged period, when a substantial amount of water shaped the landscape of Mars.



Orbiting around Saturn, Titan is the only planetary body in our solar system other than Earth where we have observed stable liquid on its surface. However, instead of water flowing in its rivers, to end up in its lakes and seas as on Earth, on Titan it is hydrocarbons. Mainly methane and ethane that are in liquid form due to Titan's frigid temperature. This makes Titan the only place other than Earth that you can see the Sun’s reflection over the sea.

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The main objective of SCHEMATA project is to extrapolate the knowledge gained from the study of Earth to other planetary bodies. Using machine learning on datasets obtained by Earth and space exploration, we will classify and compare the river networks of Earth, Mars and Titan. The interpretation of the similarities or differences will help us advance our understanding of the processes that might be involved in the river formation.



Within SCHEMATA, we are dedicated to sharing our knowledge and techniques with the rest of the community. Our workshops will offer training opportunities to topics such as machine learning, satellite data, exploratory data analysis, stochastic simulation and more. We are always striving to make a difference, and invite you to learn more and lend your support.



Scientific knowledge belongs to all humankind. With this initiative, our goal is to promote science to the widest audience possible and involve public participation in the project. With access to the right resources, people can become empowered by their own abilities and gain the confidence to fulfill their potential. Learn more about our work by getting in touch with our team today.

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“Exploration is in our nature. We began as wanderers, and we are wanderers still. We have lingered long enough on the shores of the cosmic ocean. We are ready at last to set sail for the stars.”

Carl Sagan

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